A sensation of light-headedness and unsteadiness, is often caused by a decrease in blood supply to the brain, while vertigo is caused by disturbances in the inner ear and the balance centers of the brain. It is necessary to understand the specific symptoms a patient is experiencing in order to make the correct approach;
Common causes of dizziness -
Low blood pressure – Dizziness, light headedness, and the feeling of passing out is a common complaints who have low blood pressure. When the blood pressure is too low, not enough oxygen-rich blood is being delivered to the brain, and its function can be affected.
•nausea and vomiting,
•shortness of breath, and
•chest pain. 
 •anemia (decreased red blood cell count)
•dehydration (loss of water in the body) often occurs with infections that cause vomiting and diarrhea.
Most attacks of dizziness are brief and harmless and are caused by a momentary reduction of the blood supply to the brian,such as may occur when getting up suddenly after sitting or lying down. However, dizziness may be a symptom of ear or brain disorders, cardiovascular disease, anaemia or Hypo or Hyper – glycemic or it may be a side effect of certain drugs – especially those used to treat high blood pressure.
•endocrine disease.
•addison’s disease: it occurs when the adrenal glands do not produce enough cortisol to meet the needs of the body, it’s a naturally occurring steroid produced by the body and is part of the stress response (fight or flight). If cortisol levels are low, a patient may experience weakness, fatigue, dizziness, light-headedness, low blood sugar, and low blood pressure.
Vertigo - Vertigo is often described as feeling dizzy, or a sensation of spinning. The patient may specifically mention that the room seems to be spinning around them. Sometimes the complaint is loss of balance or loss of equilibrium. This often occurs because of irritation in the inner ear (the part of the ear that involves balance, not hearing).
 The inner ear has two parts that help the body determine its position in space relative to gravity; 1) the semicircular canals and, 2) the vestibule.
 There are three semicircular canals that are aligned at right angles to each other. These canals are filled with fluid and are lined with a nerve-filled, crystal-encrusted membrane that transmits information to the cerebellum (the part of the brain that controls balance and coordination). The cerebellum collects information from visual stimuli and the nerve endings in muscles associated with proprioception (the perception of movement), to assist the brain in assessing where the body is in relationship to gravity and its surroundings.
Normally, when the head moves, fluid in the semicircular canals shift, and that information is relayed to the brain. When the head stops moving, the fluid stops as well, and that information is relayed to the brain.
In some cases there may be a short delay in the transmission of this information to the brain. For example, when a person rides on go-round or spins quickly around in circles, the fluid in the canals develop momentum and even though the body stops spinning, the fluid in the semicircular canals may continue to move. This causes vertigo, or a sensation of spinning, and may cause the person to fall or stumble. It also may be associated with vomiting.
•Acoustic neuroma: This is a benign tumor of the ear that can present with vertigo.
•Vertigo is the sensation of spinning and may present without warning and be associated with nausea and vomiting. Patients with inner ear problems may be unable to move without generating symptoms.
The mild case can be relieved by closing one’s eyes, while the serious case has an illusion of bodily movement with rotatory sensation like sitting in a sailing boat or moving car, and even accompanied by nausea, vomiting and sweating.
Pathogenesis ;
Hyperactivity of the liver ;
The liver is analogize as wind and wood, characterized by movement and ascending. Over contemplation, anxiety, depression or anger can damage the liver yin, resulting in hyperactivity of liver yang. Dizziness occurs in case the liver yang moves as the wind and ascends to attack the brain. Or the kidney water, generally in deficiency, fails to nourish the liver. Dizziness occurs in case the liver is lack of nourishment, which leads to hyperactivity of liver yang. In both situations there is deficiency in the lower but excess in the upper part of the body.
Main manifestations : Dizziness aggravated by anger, irritability, flushed face, red eyes, tinnitus, bitter taste in the mouth, dream-disturbed sleep, red tongue proper with yellow coating, string taut, rapid pulse.
Analysis : Anger damages the liver yin causing hyperactivity of the liver yang which transforms into fire. When the fire flares up, flushed face, red eyes and irritability appear. The spirit stored in the liver is upset by disorders of the liver, then dream disturbed sleep occurs. The red tongue proper with yellow coating, bitter taste in the mouth, string-taut, rapid pulse are the signs of yin deficiency resulting in fire hyperactivity.
Deficiency of blood ;
the heart and spleen are damaged by overwork and over contemplation in case of a weak constitution after a disease. The damaged spleen fails to produce qi and blood, leading to deficiency. In case the brain in poorly nourished by blood, dizziness occurs.
Main manifestations : dizziness accompanied by pallor and lustreless complexion, weakness, palpitation, insomnia, pale lips and nails, lassitude, pale tongue proper, thready and weak pulse. Dizziness occurs mostly after a serious disease or loss of blood and is aggravated by overwork. Loss of consciousness happens in sever cases.
Analysis : Dizziness is inevitable because deficiency of qi and blood fails to nourish the brain. The heart dominates the blood and is manifested in the complexion. The spleen dominates the transportation and transformation to manufacturer qi and blood. If the heart and spleen are injured, the blood will be insufficient, thereby the complexion is lustreless and the lips and the nails are pale. Deficiency of blood leads to palpitation and insomnia. Deficiency of qi gives rise to weakness, lassitude, anorexia and is aggravated by overwork. Pale tongue and thready, weak pulse are the signs of deficiency of blood.
Interior retention of phlegm dampness ;
In a person with generally abundant phlegm dampness, irregular food intake and overwork damage the stomach and the spleen, impairing their function in transportation and transformation and leading to production of dampness and phlegm. Then the stagnant phlegm and qi may impede the ascending clear yang and the descending of the turbid yin, and thus dizziness occurs.
Main manifestations : Dizziness with a heavy feeling of the head and suffocating sensation in the chest, nausea, profuse, sputum, anorexia, somnolence, white, sticky tongue coating, soft, rolling pulse.
Analysis : Dizziness with a heavy feeling of the head is the sign of the pure yang disturbed by phlegm dampness. Suffocating sensation in the chest and nausea are caused by qi obstructed in the middle jiao. anorexia and somnolence are due to the spleen yang deficiency. White sticky tongue coating soft and soiling pulse are the signs of phlegm dampness.
SuJok therapy stands as a highly efficient method of non medicamentous treatment of dizziness patients. The SuJok therapy approach has the capacity to remedy health disorders at a variety of levels, including emotional, mental, at the somatic (intersystemic) level, the afflicted system and cellular levels. SuJok therapy will emerge useful both as a tactical therapeutic modality in order to relieve an exacerbated condition, and as a strategic treatment aimed at dealing with first-order factors of the dizziness pathogenesis.
SuJok therapy has proved to be in tune with the therapeutic methods advised by the International Su Jok acupuncture by the points corresponding to the ear, and also by Six ki energy therapy.
write; originsmile.wordpress.com Dr.Dinesh kapur
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