• When the normal activity of the brain is interrupted, unconsciousness may result. An unconscious person is ; unable to respond normally to simple questions or touch or unable by coughing or swallowing to clear the airway of saliva, blood, vomit or other foreign matter that can obstruct breathing; in certain positions the tongue, which becomes floppy, can fall back and block the throat.
Access the casualty’s state of consciousness by asking simple questions or giving simple commands ‘ open your eyes’. Gently shake the casualty by the shoulders. If there is no response, the person is unconscious.
Place the casualty in the lateral position. Check the airway, breathing and pulse.
If the unconscious person is breathing and has a pulse, maintain the lateral position, ensuring that the airway remains clear and open and frequently check the breathing and pulse until medical help arrives.
In lateral position;
Kneel beside the casualty.
Place the casualty’s far arm straight out at right angles to the body, and near arm, bent at the elbow, across the chest with fingers close to the shoulder-tip.
Bend the near leg up at right angles to the body.
Holding the shoulder and hip near you, gently roll the casualty away from you onto his or her side. the top leg rests on the ground, with the thigh at right angles and calf parallel to the straight leg.
Rest the uppermost, bent arm across the elbow of the straight arm.
Unless the casualty is under 12 months old, gently tilt the head backwards. The face should be turned slightly downwards to allow fluid to drain from the mouth and to prevent the tongue from flopping backwards to block the airway.
Clearing and Opening the Airway;
The airway is the passage from the nose and mouth to the lungs, through which air enters and leaves the lungs. If it is blocked, breathing will cease. It is therefore essential to keep the airway clear and open.
Keep the airway open by gently tilting the casualty’s head back, with one of your hands on the forehead and the point of the chin supported by the other.
Checking for Breathing; Breathing should be regular, quite and easy.
Look for the rise and fall of the lower chest and upper abdomen.
Listen and feel for air escaping from the nose and mouth, by placing your cheek to the casualty’s face.
If the casualty is not breathing, begin expired air resuscitation immediately.
Checking for Pulse: The pulse rate is the rate of the heartbeat : 60 to 80 strong, regular beats per minute is normal for adults at rest; up to 100 for children; up to 140 for babies. When the heart stops beating, blood circulation stops. The casualty becomes unconscious and breathing also stops. The carotid pulse should always be checked if the casualty is unconscious, seriously ill or injured. The carotid is the large artery in the neck that runs beside the windpipe to carry blood to the head.
One has to feel the pulse for 5 seconds. If no pulse is present, begin cardiopulmonary resuscitation immediately.
OR alternatively you may press the upper lip, below the nose, with the thumb as it gives more pressure to the applied area, one may start getting the results within a fraction of seconds!
When a person overcome the condition of unconsciousness, he or she should mark the red color permanent marker pen as mentioned in the pic.
The above information is only for the benefit of mankind.
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