• In its early stages, usually it does not have any symptoms. The diagnosis of breast cancer has a profound emotional impact because of fears and it affects a part of the body intimately linked with a woman’s self image and sexuality. As a tumor develops with the following signs :
• A thickening or lump in the breast or armpit usually observed after the menstrual cycle; often the first apparent symptom of breast cancer, breast lumps are painless, although some may cause a prickly sensation. Lumps are usually visible on a mammogram long before they can be seen or felt.
• Swelling in the armpit.
• Although lumps are usually painless, pain or tenderness in the breast can be a sign of breast cancer.
• A noticeable flattening or indentation on the breast, which may indicate a tumor that cannot be seen or felt.
• Any change in the size, shape, contour, texture, or temperature of the breast, like dimple in the skin, a reddish, pitted surface like the skin of an orange could be a sign of breast cancer.
• A change in the nipple, such as an indrawn or dimpled look, itching or burning sensation, or ulceration; scaling of the nipple is symptomatic of Paget’s disease, a localized cancer.
• Unusual discharge from the nipple that may be clear, bloody, or another color. It’s usually caused by benign conditions but could be due to cancer in some cases.
• Change in the color or peel of the skin around the nipple.
• A marble-like area under the skin.
• Dilated veins.
• Hardness of the breast.
• An area that is distinctly different from any other area on either breast. One or both breasts develop an abnormal lump or persistent pain, or look or feel abnormal. The cause often is something other than cancer but should be identified.
• There may be swollen lymph glands in the armpits. Any such swelling could be associated with cancer.
It begins with the formation of a tumor. If the tumor is malignant, it has the potential to grow and spread or metastasize to different parts of the body through the blood stream or the lymphatic system. Almost all breast cancers begin in the glandular structures in the breast that, during lactation, produce milk. These mammary glands are under the control of reproductive hormones that stimulate the monthly cycle of gland expansion and shrinkage, which is a feature of the regular menstrual cycle. Many of the factors associated with the development of breast cancer appear to have their effect through interaction with the hormonal stimulation of these glands. It can be ‘invasive’ (spreading) or ‘noninvasive’ (do not spread and is confined to the original site). There are different kinds of breast cancer;
Ductal carcinoma in situ(DCIS), Lobular carcinoma in situ(LCIS), Invasive(infiltrating)ductal carcinoma(IDC): This kind of cancer begins in the milk passage, breaks through the wall of the passage and spreads in the breast tissue. Later the cancer cells spreads to different parts of the body. Invasive (infiltrating) lobular carcinoma (ILC): This condition begins in the milk lobules and spreads to different parts of the body.
Inflammatory breast cancer(IBC): This is a rare invasive condition where a tumor or lump is not seen,instead the skin of the breast looks red and warm to feel. The skin is thick with pitted appearance and looks like an orange peel. The breast becomes larger, firmer, tender and itchy.
Diagnosis is based on detection and screening. It can be done through self-examination of the breast frequently and finding out for the presence of lumps, pain in the breast, thickness, changes during menstruation. Getting checked with a physician is necessary if anything unusual is observed. Self-examination helps in early diagnosis of the disease.
But if one has already have the Chemotherapy, it may develop some side effects which causes nausea, vomiting, infertility problems and early menopause by destroying the eggs in the ovaries.
Hormonal therapy causes vaginal dryness and hot flashes after menopause. Hormonal therapy: Those who have undergone menopause and taken hormone therapy for more than 4 years with estrogen and progesterone have high chances.
Herceptin can cause heart problems by weakening the heart muscles.
Side-effects of radiation therapy include swelling in the breast, reddening and blistering of the skin and fatigue.
One should avoid long-term hormone intake after menopause. Breast-feeding will lower the risk. Conceiving before 30 years of age. Loosing extra kilos, as extra fat increases estrogen production. Consuming healthy food with plenty of fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Exercising regularly. Decrease alcohol consumption.
The chances are high as the age increases or if anybody in the family has suffered from breast cancer indicating genes are responsible. If one has breast cancer in one of the breast, there is a likelihood of getting affected to the other breast too. Chances of recurrences are high to the same part or to different parts of the body.
Menstruation: Women with menstruation beginning before the age of 12 years and menopause occurring after the age of 55 years are at high-risk of getting affected with breast cancer.
Having higher estrogen levels increases the risk.
More fat in the body and consuming alcohol increases estrogen levels especially after menopause leading to an increased risk. It has been suggested that a diet high in fat and or sugar may be causative and that high fibre intake may be protective, but these theories have not been proven.
Radiation therapy: Young women who have exposed their breasts to radiations due to some diseased condition like Hodgkin’s lymphoma are likely to develop breast cancer in the later ages.
Not breast-feeding: Women who never breast-feed their children are at high risk.
The risk for breast cancer is also significantly decreased among women undergoing surgical removal of the ovaries, particularly if the surgery is performed before age thirty-five,as removes the major source of reproductive hormones and therefore results in less stimulation of the glands in the breast.
Conversely, the greater number of years a woman has regular menstrual cycles, the higher the risk of breast cancer. There is also a modest increase in risk associated with postmenopausal estrogen replacement therapy (especially when used more than 15 years), and with exposure to the synthetic estrogen diethylstilbestrol during pregnancy. Studies have found a significant correlation between breast cancer and levels of hormones—estradiol, estrone, estrone sulfate, prolactin, and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate. A drug used to treat breast cancer, tamoxifen, blocks estrogen receptors.
Taken together, a significant body of research shows that reproductive hormones—produced internally and taken as medicines—are major determinants of breast cancer risk. Other factors—including genetic predisposition, environmental exposure, and lifestyle choices—may increase cancer risk via hormone regulation.
The energy concept of SuJok ACUPUNCTURE ; any cancerous cell means more strong the Hotness vital energy in the coldness area, because it is spreading. And BREAST it self is connected with oestrogen level. Acupuncture, itself is a powerful medicine, which aids in strengthening the immune system and serves to prevent the diseases, control pain and increase both the ability to function and the quality of lives. It has been shown to promote the health and improve body’s immune function. It has also helped many people who were not successfully treated through conventional western medicine. Several conditions can be dramatically improved or remedied in full including breast cancer.
SuJok is a component of Onnuri medicine, and involves inserting of very thin, fine, metal needles into the specific ‘correspondence points’ located on the miniature form of hands or foot, along the meridians pathways along which Qi travels,connecting the surface of the body energetically with the internal organs. The theory is that inserting the needles stimulates these ‘energy points’ and unblocks the natural flow of light energy (qi or chi) through meridians, six Ki or eight ki. Blocked qi is thought to cause disease. Unblocking qi allows body to heal itself. Scientific evidence=One theory suggests the needling encourages the release of endorphins natural pain killers produced by the brain) and sets off an inflammatory response that allows the body to heal itself. Another theory is that acupuncture has a powerful effect on the mind, which may also help to activate the body’s pain-relieving mechanisms. The remission of the disease can be achieved and medicament’s therapy simultaneously can be reduced or eliminated altogether. The course of treatment is definitely uneventful.
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