OPTIC ATROPHY


OPTIC ATROPHY
Optic atrophy, an eye disorder which gradually degenerate the vision acuity. At the early stage there is only blurring of vision, but at the later stages the possibility of eyesight may totally lost. The eye is a unique window into health. It’ is the only place in the body where, without surgery, we can look in and see veins, arteries and a nerve [the optic nerve]. The eyes’ transparency explains why common eye diseases such as glaucoma, cataracts and macular degeneration can be detected early with regular eye exams. The Symptoms of optic atrophy are a change in the optic disc and a decrease in visual function. This change in visual function may decrease in sharpness and clarity of vision (visual acuity) or decreases in side (peripheral) vision. Color vision and contrast sensitivity can also be affected.
There are many possible causes of optic atrophy. The causes can range from trauma to systemic disorders, tissue death of the nerve that carries the information about sight from the eye to the brain.
 Pathogenesis-Differentiation ;
 •Deficiency of the kidney and liver leads to consumption of the essence and blood that nourish the eyes.
 Main manifestations: Dryness of the eyes, blurred vision, dizziness, tinnitus, nocturnal emission, aching of the lower back, thready and weak pulse, reddened tongue with scanty coating.
 Analysis: Dryness of the eyes and blurred vision are due to failure of the essential nutrients to nourish the eyes in deficiency of the liver and kidney. The limbus is the seat of the kidney. When the kidney is in a deficiency state, there is aching of the lower back. Deficiency of the kidney may lead to nocturnal emission when there is hyperactivity of the asthenic fire and to dizziness and tinnitus when there is yang preponderance. Thready and weak pulse, reddened tongue with scanty coating are signs of yin deficiency.
 •Dysfunction in transportation and transformation of the spleen due to irregular diet and over strain results in inadequate supply of the essential nutrients for the eyes.
 Main manifestations: Blurred vision, weakness of breath, disinclination to talk, lassitude, poor appetite, loose stools, thready and weak pulse, pale tongue with thin white coating.
 Analysis: The essential qi of all the zang-fu organs flows up to the eyes. When qi and blood in a deficiency state can not nourish the eyes, the vision becomes blurred. Qi deficiency of the spleen and stomach causes weakness of breath, disinclination to talk, lassitude, poor appetite and loose stools. Thready and weak pulse, pale tongue with thin and white coating are signs of deficiency of qi and blood.
 •Dysfunction of the liver with stagnation of qi and blood in emotional troubles causes failure of the essential qi to flow upwards to nourish the eyes.
 Main manifestations: Blurred vision, emotional depression, dizziness, vertigo, hypochondriac pain, bitter taste in the mouth, dry throat and string-taut pulse.
 Analysis: The liver has its specific body opening in the eyes. Stagnation of the liver qi causes general obstruction of qi and blood which fail to ascend to nourish the eyes. So the blurred vision.  The Liver meridian passes by the hypochondriac region, so there is hypochondriac pain when the liver qi is stagnated. Retarded qi may turn into fire which flares up to cause dizziness, vertigo, bitter taste in the mouth and dry throat. String-taut pulse is the sign of a liver disease.
 But blurred vision in a diabetic means: Diabetics are at increased risk for several eye problems, including glaucoma and cataracts. But the most common threat to vision is diabetic retinopathy, where the diabetes affects the circulatory system of the eye. It’s the leading cause of blindness. The changes linked to diabetic retinopathy tend to show up in people who have had the disease for a long time, not those recently diagnosed. The person may also see “floaters,” tiny dark specks in the field of vision. Sometimes diabetes causes small hemorrhages (bleeding) that are visible in the eye. There’s no pain. People with poorly controlled blood sugar may have worse symptoms.  Someone with diabetes should have a dilated eye exam annually to catch and control the earliest stages of retinopathy, glaucoma, cataracts or other changes—before they manifest as changes you’re aware of.
 There are other unrelated causes of optic atrophy is poor blood flow, called ischemic optic neuropathy, which most often affects the elderly. The optic nerve can also be damaged by shock, various toxic substances, radiation, and trauma. Various eye diseases, most commonly glaucoma, can also cause optic nerve atrophy. In addition, the condition can be caused by diseases of the brain and central nervous system, such as cranial arteries sometimes called temporal arteries, multiple sclerosis, brain tumor, and stroke.
 One should apply to reinforce the liver and kidney and nourish qi and blood by  tonifying method. Even movement is applied to the same meridian to remove the stagnation of the liver qi.
 Acupuncture ‘SuJok’-An important aspect of SuJok therapy is that it allows to take into account an individual characteristics of the patient manifested in own energy constitution. This brings about an effective action on the very origin of disease. Besides, there are practically no contradictions for use of SuJok therapy. SuJok is a traditionally accomplished through insertion of very fine needles at the certain energy meridians, energy gates, joints of affected organs, or energy flow therapy in miniature form of the hands and feet. Thus, the Acupuncture SuJok is effective even if of optic atrophy. The remission of the disease can be achieved and medicaments’ therapy simultaneously  reduced or eliminated altogether.  The course of treatment is definitely uneventful.
 write; originsmile.wordpress.com Dr.Dinesh kapur
 To your well-being, smile life. Enjoy!
 

Stroke – Wind


STROKE – WIND
STROKE – wind, considered to be an emergency may be manifested by falling down in a fit with loss of consciousness or hemiplegia, with the symptoms such as slurred speech, deviated mouth. It can be categorized by abrupt onset with pathological changes varying quickly like the wind, from which the term ‘wind stroke’ comes. The Wind energy itself is not a painful symptoms as pain is result of the contraction. When wind is mild, predictable, it belongs to Yin, can be considered Yin Wind Stroke.  But, when wind is strong, unpredictable, short in duration like a typhoon or tornado, it belongs to Yang, accordingly can be differentiated.
Pathogenesis;
Stroke – wind, often occurs in the aged who are in poor health, with deficiency of vital energy and blood, or deficiency in the lower part of the body and excess in the upper part. It may be caused by deficiency of the kidney due to sexual indulgence or by irregular food intake, which impedes the transportation and transformation function of the spleen, leading to production of phlegm from accumulated dampness and transformation into heat. It may impedes imbalance of Yin and Yang. Other causative factors are exasperation, agitation, alcohol indulgence or overeating, over strain and stress or invasion of exogenous pathogenic wind, all leading to upsurge of Yang liver and heart fire which makes vital energy and blood go upward together with turbid phlegm, disturbing the mind and resulting in this disease. In mild cases there are only symptoms showing dysfunction of the meridians and collateral’s, while in severe cases both dysfunction of organs and meridians are manifested.
Tense syndrome results from disturbance of the mind by the phlegm heat or collection of excessive fire in the heart and liver while flaccid deficiency syndrome results from deficiency of the vital energy or collapse of the kidney yang. In untreated or improperly treated cases, the tense syndrome tends to become flaccid and the prognosis is often poor.
Differentiation;
Tense syndrome –  Main manifestations: falling down in a fit with loss of consciousness, tightly closed hands and clenched jaws, flushed face, coarse breathing, rattling in the throat, retention of urine, constipation, red tongue with thick yellow or dark grey coating, string-taut, rolling and forceful pulse.
Wind stirred up by upsurge of liver yang sends vital energy and blood upwards, which together with the accumulated phlegm fire disturb the mind, leading to sudden loss of consciousness with tightly closed hands and clenched jaws, flushed face, coarse breathing, retention of urine and constipation. Excessive wind phlegm brings about rattling in the throat, red tongue with thick yellow coating or dark grey coating, string-taut, rolling and forceful pulse are the signs of wind combined with phlegm fire.
Flaccid syndrome – Main manifestations: falling down in a fit and sudden loss of consciousness with mouth agape and eyes closed, snoring but feeble breathing, flaccid paralysis of limbs, incontinence of urine, flaccid tongue, thready, weak pulse and in severe cases cold limbs or flushing of face as rouged, fading or big floating pulse.
Severe weakness of primary vital energy,separation of yin and yang and exhaustion of energy indicates mouth agape, eyes closed, snoring but feeble breathing, flaccid paralysis, and incontinence of urine. flaccid tongue and thready weak pulse suggest the deficiency of blood and prostration of the kidney yang. If complicated with cold limbs, flushed face, fading or big floating pulse, it is a critical case, indicating exhaustion of yin in the lower portion of the body and upward going of the isolated yang.
There are two categories. One is that only the meridians and collateral’s are attacked without the organs being involved. The other is that after wind stroke the functions of the affected organs have been restored, yet there exists stagnation of vital energy and blood in the meridians.
Main manifestations: Hemiplegia, numbness of the limbs, deviated mouth, slurring of speech, accompanied by headache, dizziness, vertigo, twitching of muscles, red eyes and flushed face, thirst, dryness of the throat, irritability, string taut and rolling pulse.
Analysis: wind phlegm enters the meridians due to imbalance of yin and yang, causing retarded circulation of vital energy and blood. Hence appears hemiplegia, numbness of the limbs, deviated mouth and slurring of speech. It complicated with upsurging of liver yang and upward disturbance of wind yang, the symptoms are headache, dizziness, vertigo and twitching of muscles. If there is excessive fire in the heart and liver, there may be red eyes and flushed face, thirst, dryness of the throat and irritability. Stagnation of wind phlegm leads to a string taut and rolling pulse.
SuJok acupuncture methods, from the simplest to complex ones, are self-sufficient for coping with pain and obtaining a stable remission of even Neuro problems.  The SuJok method is a natural way of treatment, and the process of normalisation of the patient’s state. An important aspect of SuJok therapy is that it allows to take into account an individual characteristics of the patient manifested in own energy constitution. This brings about an effective action on the very origin of disease. Besides, there are practically no contraindications for utilization of SuJok therapy.
If taken treatment in initial stages, one may get positive effective results. Positive aspect of this therapy is that overall control of any disease is only through the hands and sole.
write; originsmile.wordpress.com ‘Dr.Dinesh kapur
To your well being, smile life. Enjoy!

Epilepsy


EPILEPSY

A recurrent disorder of brain function characterised by sudden brief attacks of altered consciousness, abnormal movements and or sensations,seizures or inappropriate behaviour. It occurs in seizures,manifested by falling down in a fit, loss of consciousness, foam on the lips or screams with eyes staring upward, and convulsions. Epilepsy is caused by abnormal electrical activity in the brain. Infections,meningitis,inflammation of the membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord, brain tumours,disturbances of the body’s chemical balance, certain poisonings, or interference with the blood supply to part of the brain. After some minutes, consciousness returns and the patients condition becomes normal. In the remainder no cause can be found, but it is suspected that unexplained inherited factors may predispose some people to seizures. Epilepsy is classified according to the type of seizure that usually occurs. Besides the typical seizures, there may be variations. It can be a momentary loss of attention or consciousness with eyes staring directly forward or prolonged loss of consciousness associated with convulsions and foam on the lips. It may occur at any time, in various frequency and with different severity. It is often preceded by an ‘aura’ of dizziness, depression sensation of the chest,and listlessness. Basically, epilepsy is an excess condition, but frequent recurrence can lower the body resistance.

•Grand mal is characterised by generalised seizures in which after a strange cry, could be because of fear and fright. The patient falls down unconscious,whole body stiffness and various muscle twitch or jerk. The seizure usually lasts a couple of minutes, after which the muscles relax and the bladder and or bowel may empty involuntarily. The sufferer often feels dazed and disoriented has a headache and may sleep for an hour or so. There is usually no memory of the event. Grand mal affects about go per cent of epilepsy sufferers. Normally, fear makes energy disordered and fright makes energy descend affecting the liver and kidney and leading to stirring of the deficiency wind.

•Petit mal absence attacks occurs mainly in children,there is a brief up to 30seconds loss of awareness without grossly abnormal movements, though eye or muscle fluttering may be noticed. These seizures usually happen when a child is sitting quietly, and it may seem that he or she is just daydreaming, however, petit mal seizures can occur many times during the day and may interfere seriously with school progress. It may be due to hereditary factors.

•Simple partial focal, local seizures affect only part of the body and begin with specific involuntary movements tics, twitches and abnormal sensations such as skin tingling and hallucinations of smell, sight or taste without loss of consciousness. In one type, called Jacksonian seizures, muscle twitches begin in one hand or foot then move up the limb, spread similarly from one corner of the mouth. simple partial seizures may subside after a few minutes or may progress to grand mal. This may be due to dysfunction of the liver in smoothing flow of energy or irregular food intake damaging the spleen and stomach, makes the dampness of food and drink accumulate as phlegm, which combined with the stagnated liver energy,disturbs the mind and causes epilepsy.

•Complex partial seizures are characterised by a variety of abnormal movements sensations and behaviours associated with loss of awareness for one to two minutes,rarely longer. The sufferer may at first stagger,perform automatic,purposeless movements and utter unintelligible sounds. He or she does not understand what is said and may resist aid. Mental confusion continues for a minute or so after the attack is apparently over. The sufferer remembers little if any of what has happened. Complex partial seizures are usually associated with a structural abnormality,such as a tumour,of the brain.

•Status epileptics occurs when grand mal,petit mal or complex partial seizures follow one another with no intervening periods of consciousness. Grand mal status epileptics may persist for hours and can cause permanent brain damage or be fatal without emergency treatment. When epilepsy begins in childhood, seizures may become less frequent in adolescence and adulthood and in some cases may stop. People with epilepsy are encouraged to lead as normal a life as their condition permits. Moderate exercise, sport and social activities are possible for most, but over exertion, stress and alcohol should be avoided. Regular meals and sleep are advisable. Most people with epilepsy can work, but the disorder may limit their choices of career. Differentiation;

During seizure – Main manifestations:

A typical seizure is preceded by dizziness, headache and suffocating sensation in the chest and immediately followed by falling down with loss of consciousness, pallor, clenched jaws, upward staring of the eyes, convulsion, foam on the lips, screaming as pigs or sheep and even incontinence of urine and feces. Gradually, the patient regains consciousness, and the symptoms disappear. Apart from fatigue and weakness, the patient can live a normal life. White sticky tongue coating and string taut, rolling pulse. Analysis: Dizziness, headache and suffocated sensation in the chest are the prodromal symptoms which show the upward perversion of the wind phlegm. The liver wind stirs up with the phlegm to disturb the mind. Therefore, there are loss of consciousness, convulsions and upward staring of the eyes. The foam on the lips is owing to the ascending wind phlegm. White, sticky tongue coating and rolling pulse are the signs of retaing of the phlegm. Since the wind phlegm is irregularly accumulated and dispersed the seizures are paroxysmal and the patient behaves as normal after the seizure.

After seizure – Main manifestations:

Listlessness, lustreless complexion, dizziness, palpitation, anorexia, profuse sputum, weakness and soreness of the lions and limbs, pale tongue with white coating and thready, rolling pulse. Analysis: Listlessness is due to damage of the vital energy by frequent epileptic fits. With insufficiency of blood, the complexion is lustreless. There is dizziness if the brain lacks blood supply, and palpitation if the heart is poorly supplied with blood. due to the depression of the spleen yang, the food cannot be transformed into essence and dampness and phlegm are produced, so there are anorexia and profuse sputum. Deficiency of the kidney essence causes soreness and weakness of the loins and limbs. Pale tongue with whit coating and thready, rolling pulse suggest consumption of energy and blood and accumulation of phlegm dampness. SuJok, a totally new and unique approach of the system of correspondence on Arm and Leg with two main advantages, one is natural stimulation without instrument and equipment and second is availability of detailed correspondence system for brain and head. This new system is very easy to understand and apply, giving very accurate and fast results. The method of treatment is amazingly simple to learn and to treat diseases of various origin and pathology successfully. An important aspect of SuJok therapy is that it allows to take into account an individual characteristics of the patient manifested in own energy constitution. This brings about an effective action on the very origin of disease. Besides, there are practically no contraindications for utilization of SuJok therapy. It has been shown to promote the health and improve the body’s immune function,also helped many people who were not successfully treated through conventional western medicine. Several conditions can be dramatically improved or remedied in full including epileptic disorders.

write; originsmile.wordpress.com ‘Dr.Dinesh kapur

To your well being,smile life. Enjoy!