Solid bodies that form in the gall bladder from constituents of bile such as cholesterol, bile pigment, mucin and calcium.  Gall stones a small sac found just under the liver. It stores bile made by liver. Bile helps to digest fats. Bile moves from gallbladder to small intestine through tubes called cystic duct and common bile duct. The most common symptom is pain in stomach area or in the upper right part of the belly, under the ribs.The size of gall stones ranges from  grit like to several centimetres in width.  There may be a single stone but more often there are many.
CAUSE: The cause of gall stones, also called cholelithiasis is uncertain. It has been suggested that bile containing more than the usual amount of cholesterol, a normal bile constituent and a smaller than usual amount of bile acid may be likely to lead to stone formation. Production of this type of bile is an inherited tendency, which would explain why gall stones often run in families. Other possible factors include inflammation or infection of gall bladder, increased bile pigment formation and hormonal and other genetic factors.
INCIDENCE: Gall stones  are common in men and women.
PAIN: It may be develop suddenly in center of upper belly and spread to right upper back or shoulder-blade area. It is usually hard to get comfortable; moving around does not make pain go away.  It also prevent from taking normal or deep breaths. Normally it begins at night and be severe enough to wake you and mostly occur after meals. There are many other conditions that cause similar symptoms,including heartburn, pain caused by heart attack, and liver problems. Stomach flu(gastroenteritis) and food poisoning also can cause symptoms similar to gall stones.
Pancreatitis: Pancreatitis is an inflammation of pancreas, which is an organ in the upper abdomen that makes insulin and digestive enzymes. Pancreatitis may cause sudden, severe abdominal pain. It is most commonly caused by excessive use of alcohol or by blockage of tube(duct) that leads from pancreas to beginning of small intestine(duodenum),usually by a gall stone. Other causes include an infection,injury, or certain medicines. It may develop suddenly(acute),or it may be a long-term,recurring(chronic) problem, but may develop complications such as bleeding,infection,or organ failure may develop. The pancreas is an organ in upper belly, behind stomach and close to spine. It makes digestive enzymes that body uses to break down and process food. The pancreas also makes insulin, hormone that regulates sugar (glucose) in the blood.
SYMPTOMS: The most common symptoms are bouts of moderate upper abdominal pain or in upper right part of belly, sometimes brought on by a fatty meal. Pain may spread to right upper back or shoulder-blade area. Sometimes pain is more severe. It may be steady, or it may come and go. Or it may get worse even after eating something heavy.  When gall stones keep blocking bile duct,there is a pain with fever and chills, or the skin or whites of your eyes may turn yellow. Having stones in bile duct increases the chance of having swollen pancreas (pancreatitis). These symptoms may also be a sign of an infected gallbladder. A stone wedged in the ducts that drain the gall bladder causes the agonising pain of biliary COLIC.  If the stone blocks the common bile duct which drains bile from both the liver and gall bladder there may be jaundice as well as colic. A stone below the junction of the common bile duct and the pancreatic duct can, in addition cause acute PANCREATITIS.  However many people with gall stones have no symptoms, the stones may be discovered by chance if abdominal x-ray or ultrasound is performed for other reasons.  Symptoms of Gallbladder disease simultaneously be of steady, severe pain in the upper abdomen that increases rapidly.  pain in the back between the shoulder blades. pain under the right shoulder. nausea or vomiting abdominal bloating recurring intolerance of fatty foods colic belching gas indigestion.
The current belief is that cholesterol stones are the result of bile that is made of too much cholesterol or bilirubin and not enough bile salts. Cholesterol stones may also form when the gallbladder fails to properly empty during the digestive process. But those who develop pigment stones most often include people who have cirrhosis of the liver, biliary tract infections, and hereditary blood disorders that include sickle-cell anemia. These are all conditions that lead to the formation of too much bilirubin.
TREATMENT: Surgery to remove the gall bladder(cholecystectomy) is most commonly advised if opt through the medicinal concept. But if opting through alternative treatment particularly SuJok acupuncture, one may get positive effective results.  The beauty of acupuncture is that each treatment is catered to the needs of an individual patient.  SuJok is a component of Onnuri medicine, and involves inserting of very thin, fine, metal needles into the specific ‘correspondence points’ located on the miniature form of hands or foot, along the meridians pathways along which Qi travels,connecting the surface of the body energetically with the internal organs, it’s the energy concept chosen for overall well-being with the objective of increasing circulation of the blood and vital energy. The remission of the disease can be achieved and medicaments therapy simultaneously can be reduced or eliminated altogether.  The course of treatment is definitely uneventful. 

write smile comments; /Dr.Dinesh Kapur/                                
To your well being, smile life. Enjoy!


Anemia is a condition in which the oxygen carrying capacity of the blood is reduced, that develops when blood lacks enough healthy red blood cells. Oxygen is transported around the body by the iron-containing pigment haemoglobin in the bloods erythrocytes(red blood cells), these cells are the main transporters of oxygen to organs. If red blood cells are also deficient in hemoglobin, then the body is not getting enough iron.  Anaemia can result from insufficient or abnormal haemoglobin in the red cell or inadequate or abnormal red cells in the circulating blood.
 Symptoms of anemia, like fatigue occur because organs aren’t getting enough oxygen. 
 Frequent headache.
 Cold feet and hands.
 Pale body.
 Tired body. 
 One may be able to fight off anemia by diet itself that includes beans and dark leafy greens(foods rich in iron, vitamin B12; Calcium can interfere with absorption of iron, so if one has to take iron and calcium supplements,take iron in morning and calcium in evening; most of the pregnant women develop anemia.
 Anemia is a condition in which you don’t make enough red blood cells or those cells don’t have enough hemoglobin,a protein that carries oxygen from lungs to rest of body. Iron deficiency is the most common cause,but some people with anemia get plenty of iron and don’t absorb it properly. A lack of folic acid or vitamin B12 can also prevent the body from making enough red blood cells and lead to anemia. In sickle-cell anemia,an inherited condition,red blood cells are misshapen and unable to move through the body.
 Certain forms of anemia are hereditary and infants may be affected from the time of birth.
 Women in the childbearing years are particularly susceptible to a form of anemia called iron-deficiency anemia because of the blood loss from menstruation and the increased blood supply demands during pregnancy.
 Seniors also may have a greater risk of developing anemia because of poor diet and other medical conditions.
  Iron-deficiency anemia, the most common type, is very treatable with diet changes. Some forms of anemia  like the anemia that develops during pregnancy-are even considered normal.
 Who’s at risk?  If one don’t eat enough iron-rich foods or have heavy periods, ulcers, are pregnant or recently had surgery, there are chances to develop it. People who are undergoing radiation or chemotherapy or battling an infection are also at risk.
 Why is it dangerous? As body is not getting enough oxygen and if left untreated, this can damage heart and other organs. Anemia can also cause fatigue, shortness of breath, dizziness, pale skin and concentration problems.  It may not have noticeable symptoms,that is why it is often observed unexpectedly during blood tests looking for other conditions. It’s diagnosed with a simple blood test called a complete blood count, or CBC.  Some rare forms of anemia may be best treated with a bone marrow transplant.
 Causes ;  
 The blood loss – red blood cells can be lost through bleeding, which can occur slowly over a long period of time, and can often go undetected. This kind of chronic bleeding commonly results from the following : Gastrointestinal conditions such as peptic ulcers, hemorrhoids, gastritis (inflammation of the stomach) and cancer.  Use of non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) such as aspirin.
 It is caused by decreased or faulty red blood cell production — The body may produce too few blood cells or the blood cells may not work properly. In either case, anemia can result. Red blood cells may be faulty or decreased due to abnormal red blood cells or the lack of minerals and vitamins needed for red blood cells to work properly. Conditions associated with these causes of anemia include the following: Sickle cell anemia – is an inherited disorder. Red blood cells become crescent-shaped because of a genetic defect. They break down rapidly, so oxygen does not get to the body’s organs, causing anemia. The crescent-shaped red blood cells also get stuck in tiny blood vessels, causing pain. 
 Iron deficiency anemia-occurs because of a lack of the mineral iron in the body.  Bone marrow in the center of the bone needs iron to make hemoglobin, the part of the red blood cell that transports oxygen to the body’s organs. Without adequate iron, the body cannot produce enough hemoglobin for red blood cells. The result is iron deficiency anemia. Iron deficiency anemia can be caused by the following: An iron-poor diet, especially in infants, children, teens and vegetarians. The metabolic demands of pregnancy and breastfeeding that deplete a woman’s iron stores. Menstruation. Frequent blood donation. Endurance training. Digestive conditions such as Crohn’s disease or surgical removal of part of the stomach or small intestine. Certain drugs, foods, and caffeinated drinks.
 Vitamin deficiency when vitamin B-12 and folate are deficient. These two vitamins are needed to make red blood cells. Conditions leading to anemia caused by vitamin deficiency include the following: Megaloblastic anemia: Vitamin B-12 or folate or both are deficient. Pernicious anemia:  Poor vitamin B-12 absorption caused by conditions such as Crohn’s disease, an intestinal parasite infection, surgical removal of part of the stomach or intestine, or infection with HIV.  Dietary deficiency: Eating little or no may cause a lack vitamin B12, while overcooking or eating too few vegetables may cause a folate deficiency. Other causes of vitamin deficiency: pregnancy, certain medications, alcohol abuse, intestinal diseases such as tropical sprue and gluten-sensitive enteropathy (celiac disease). During early pregnancy, sufficient folic acid can prevent the fetus from developing neural tube defects such as spina bifida. Bone marrow and stem cell problems may prevent the body from producing enough red blood cells. Some of the stem cells found in bone marrow develop into red blood cells. If stem cells are too few, defective, or replaced by other cells such as metastatic cancer cells, anemia may result. Anemia resulting from bone marrow or stem cell problems include the following: Aplastic anemia occurs when there’s a marked reduction in the number of stem cells or absence of these cells. Aplastic anemia can be inherited, can occur without apparent cause, or can occur when the bone marrow is injured by medications, radiation, chemotherapy, or infection.
 Thalassemia occurs when the red cells can’t mature and grow properly. It is an inherited condition. This condition can range in severity from mild to life-threatening; the most severe form is called Cooley’s anemia. Lead exposure is toxic to the bone marrow, leading to fewer red blood cells. Lead poisoning occurs in adults from work-related exposure and in children who eat paint chips. Improperly glazed pottery can also taint food and liquids with lead.
 Conditions causing this type of anemia include the following: Advanced kidney disease. Hypothyroidism. Other chronic diseases include cancer, infection, and autoimmune disorders such as lupus or rheumatoid arthritis. Anemia Caused by Destruction of Red Blood Cells  When red blood cells are fragile and cannot withstand the routine stress of the circulatory system, they may rupture prematurely, causing hemolytic anemia. Hemolytic anemia is usually associated with jaundice, yellow discoloration of skin and other tissues. Sometimes there is no known cause (spontaneous). Known causes of hemolytic anemia may include any of the following: Inherited conditions, such as sickle cell anemia and thalassemia. Stressors such as infections, drugs, spider venom, or certain foods. Toxins from advanced liver or kidney disease. Inappropriate attack by the immune system(called hemolytic disease of the newborn when it occurs in the fetus of a pregnant woman). Vascular grafts, prosthetic heart valves, tumors, severe burns, chemical exposure, severe hypertension, and clotting disorders.  In rare cases, an enlarged spleen can trap red blood cells and destroy them before their circulating time is up.
 Acupuncture SuJok, itself is a powerful medicine, which aids in strengthening the immune system and serves to prevent diseases, control pain and increase both the ability to function and the quality of peoples lives.  Acupuncture has been shown to promote the health and improve the body’s immune function. It has also helped many people who were not successfully treated through conventional western medicine.  Several conditions can be dramatically improved or remedied in full including Anemia.  It is a traditionally accomplished through insertion of very fine needles at the certain energy gates, joints of affected organs or energy flow therapy of SuJok located in miniature form of hands and feet’s.   Its energy concept of treatment on the palm will be chosen for overall well being with the objective of increasing circulation of the blood and vital energy. The course of treatment is definitely uneventful!
 Submit your comments or ask ; <Dr.Dinesh Kapur>                                 
 To your well being, smile life!

Sickle Cell Disease

 Respiratory diseases are common among children, and insufficient effectiveness of traditional treatment schemes make it actual to study effectiveness of non traditional therapeutic methods and their action on the immune system. There have been reports of favourable influence of acupuncture on a number of immunological indices.  The sickly children(SC) who fall ill frequently with bronchopulmonary diseases and determine the clinico-immunological effectiveness of using SuJok Acupuncture.
 Children who were frequently suffering from bronchopulmonary diseases (SC BP) with frequent recurrence of acute bronchitis or acute bronchopneumonia. Application of Su Jok acupuncture in treatment of SC has a positive effect, which correlates with data about the effectiveness of this method indicated by a shorter duration of the basic clinical manifestations during the acute period of recurrent disease and by the decreased number of episodes during further observation.
 Influenced by Su Jok Acupuncture, there occur changes in the production of lymphoquins that contribute to the smoothing of the ‘mobile’ of the immune system, striving to balance.
 Sickle Cell Disease is an inherited blood disorder that affects red blood cells. People with sickle cell disease have red blood cells that contain mostly hemoglobin*S. Sometimes these red blood cells become sickle-shaped(crescent shaped) and have difficulty passing through small blood vessels. Normal red blood cells are round like doughnuts, and they move through small blood tubes in the body to deliver oxygen. Blood cell Sickle-shaped-become hard, sticky and shaped like sickles used to cut wheat. When these hard and pointed red cells go through the small blood tube, they clog the flow and break apart. This can cause pain, damage and a low blood count, or anemia. When sickle-shaped cells block small blood vessels,less blood can reach that part of the body. Tissue that does not receive a normal blood flow eventually becomes damaged. This is what causes the complications of sickle cell disease.  There is a substance in the red cell called hemoglobin that carries oxygen inside the cell. One little change in this substance causes the hemoglobin to form long rods in the red cell when it gives away oxygen. These rigid rods change the red cell into a sickle shape instead of the round shape, the sickling process begins. 
 Hemoglobin, main substance of the red blood cell. It helps to carry oxygen from the air into lungs to all parts of the body. Normal red blood cells contain hemoglobin A. Hemoglobin S and hemoglobin C are abnormal types of hemoglobin. Normal red blood cells are soft and round and can squeeze through tiny blood tubes,vessels. Normally, RBC live for about 120 days before new ones replace them. People with sickle cell conditions make a different form of hemoglobin A called hemoglobin S(S stands for sickle). Red blood cells containing mostly hemoglobin S do not live as long as normal red blood cells(normally about 16 days). They also become stiff, distorted in shape and have difficulty passing through the body’s small blood vessels. When sickle-shaped cells block small blood vessels,less blood can reach that part of the body. Tissue that does not receive a normal blood flow eventually becomes damaged. This is what causes the complications of sickle cell disease.  Sickle Cell Disease are : Sickle Cell Anemia(SS), Sickle-Hemoglobin C Disease(SC), Sickle Beta-Plus Thalassemia and Sickle Beta-Zero Thalassemia.
 Sickle Cell trait (AS) is an inherited condition in which both hemoglobin A and S are produced in the red blood cells,always more A than S. Sickle cell conditions are inherited from parents in much the same way as blood type, hair color and texture, eye color and other physical traits. The types of hemoglobin a person makes in the red blood cells depend upon what hemoglobin genes the person inherits from his or her parents. Like most genes, hemoglobin genes are inherited in two sets-one from each parent.  If one parent has Sickle Cell Anemia and the other is Normal, all of the children will have sickle cell trait.
 Sickle cells are destroyed rapidly in the body of people with the disease causing anemia, jaundice and the formation of gallstones.  It also block the flow of blood through vessels resulting in lung tissue damage(acute chest syndrome), pain (arms, legs, chest and abdomen), stroke and priapism(painful prolonged erection). It also causes damage to most organs including spleen,kidneys and liver. Damage to the spleen makes sickle cell disease patients, especially young children,easily overwhelmed by certain bacterial infections.
 Complications from the sickle cells blocking blood flow and early breaking apart includes :
 pain episodes
 increased infections
 leg ulcers
 bone damage
 yellow eyes or jaundice
 early gallstones
 lung blockage
 kidney damage and loss of body water in urine
 painful erections in men
 blood blockage in spleen or liver 
 eye damage
 low red blood cell counts (anemia)
 delayed growth
 All of the childhood immunizations should be given. Because of low immunity there is need for a checkup for fever and serious infection.
 The following guidelines help to keep the sickle cell patient healthy ;
 -Taking the vitamin folic acid supplementation(folate) daily to help make new red cells
 -All vaccination till age six to prevent serious infection
 -Drinking plenty of water daily(8-12 glasses for adults)  
 -Avoid too hot or too cold temperatures
 -Avoid over exertion and stress
 -Getting plenty of rest
 -Getting regular check-ups from knowledgeable health care providers
 Patients and families should watch for the following conditions that need an urgent medical evaluation;
 Fever,  Chest pain,  Shortness of Breath,  Increasing tiredness,  Abdominal swelling,  Unusual headache,  Any sudden weakness or loss of feeling, Painful erection that will not go down),  Sudden vision change,  Oxygen tension.
 THROUGH, Acupuncture SuJok, which itself is a powerful medicine, and aids in strengthening the immune system and serves to prevent diseases, control pain and increase both the ability to function and the quality of peoples lives.  It has also helped many people who were not successfully treated through conventional western medicine.  Several conditions can be dramatically improved or remedied in full including Sickle Cell Disease

Acupuncture SuJok is a traditionally accomplished through insertion of very fine needles at the certain energy meridians, energy gates, joints of affected organs, or energy flow therapy of SuJok Acupuncture located in miniature form of hands and feets.  The remission of the disease can be achieved and medicamentous therapy simultaneously can be reduced or eliminated altogether.  The course of treatment is defenietly benefited to such patients, it is quite possible to increase the Immunity, Hemoglobin level, Blood Cells count.  No medication is to be stopped immediately untill there is a pathological positive reports. One must opt Acupuncture SuJok to enhance the Immunity to overcome such problems.
 smile life!
 submit your comments & ask more ; <> Dr.Dinesh Kapur


 Aphasia is a language disorder that results from damage to portions of the brain that are responsible for language. Aphasia usually occurs suddenly, often as the result of a stroke or head injury, but it may also develop slowly, as in the case of a brain tumor. The disorder impairs both the expression and understanding of language as well as reading and writing. Aphasia may co-occur with speech disorders, which also result from brain damage.
 Aphasia is caused by damage to one or more of the language areas of the brain. Many times, the cause of the brain injury is a stroke. A stroke occurs when, for some reason, blood is unable to reach a part of the brain. Brain cells die when they do not receive their normal supply of blood, which carries oxygen and important nutrients. Other causes of brain injury are severe blows to the head, brain tumors, brain infections, and other conditions of the brain.
 If damage to the frontal lobe of the brain,individual frequently speak in short, meaningful phrases that are produced with great effort.  Affected people often omit small words such as “is,” “and,” and “the.” 
 If damage to the temporal lobe may result in a fluent aphasia, Individuals may speak in long sentences that have no meaning, add unnecessary words, and even create new “words.”
 A third type of aphasia, global aphasia, results from damage to extensive portions of the language areas of brain. Individuals with global aphasia have severe communication difficulties and may be extremely limited in their ability to speak or comprehend language.
 This type of “spontaneous recovery” usually occurs following a transient ischemic attack (TIA), a kind of stroke in which the blood flow to the brain is temporarily interrupted but quickly restored.
 Family members are encouraged to:
 •Simplify language by using short, uncomplicated sentences.
 •Repeat the content words or write down key words to clarify meaning as needed.
 •Maintain a natural conversational manner appropriate for an adult.
 •Minimize distractions, such as a blaring radio, whenever possible.
 •Include the person with aphasia in conversations.
 •Ask for and value the opinion of the person with aphasia, especially regarding family matters.
 •Encourage any type of communication, whether it is speech, gesture, pointing, or drawing.
 •Avoid correcting the individual’s speech.
 •Allow the individual plenty of time to talk.
 •Help the individual become involved outside the home.
 Acupuncture, itself is a powerful medicine, which aids to prevent diseases, control pain and increase both the ability to function. It has also helped  people who were not successfully treated through conventional western medicine.  Several conditions can be dramatically improved or remedied in full including APHASIA.  If you have a belief that there is energy be it environmental, spiritual or in any other form, one must opt for ACUPUNCTURE, particularly Acupuncture SuJok, Onnuri, Triorigin, SixKi Therapy or Eight Origin concept’s of energy. With energy concept aphasia may be affected due to wind energy imbalance or excess of coldness energy or fear factor is excessive.
 ask :
Dr.Dinesh Kapur,
 smile life!