Optic atrophy, an eye disorder which gradually degenerate the vision acuity. At the early stage there is only blurring of vision, but at the later stages the possibility of eyesight may totally lost. The eye is a unique window into health. It’ is the only place in the body where, without surgery, we can look in and see veins, arteries and a nerve [the optic nerve]. The eyes’ transparency explains why common eye diseases such as glaucoma, cataracts and macular degeneration can be detected early with regular eye exams. The Symptoms of optic atrophy are a change in the optic disc and a decrease in visual function. This change in visual function may decrease in sharpness and clarity of vision (visual acuity) or decreases in side (peripheral) vision. Color vision and contrast sensitivity can also be affected.
There are many possible causes of optic atrophy. The causes can range from trauma to systemic disorders, tissue death of the nerve that carries the information about sight from the eye to the brain.
 Pathogenesis-Differentiation ;
 •Deficiency of the kidney and liver leads to consumption of the essence and blood that nourish the eyes.
 Main manifestations: Dryness of the eyes, blurred vision, dizziness, tinnitus, nocturnal emission, aching of the lower back, thready and weak pulse, reddened tongue with scanty coating.
 Analysis: Dryness of the eyes and blurred vision are due to failure of the essential nutrients to nourish the eyes in deficiency of the liver and kidney. The limbus is the seat of the kidney. When the kidney is in a deficiency state, there is aching of the lower back. Deficiency of the kidney may lead to nocturnal emission when there is hyperactivity of the asthenic fire and to dizziness and tinnitus when there is yang preponderance. Thready and weak pulse, reddened tongue with scanty coating are signs of yin deficiency.
 •Dysfunction in transportation and transformation of the spleen due to irregular diet and over strain results in inadequate supply of the essential nutrients for the eyes.
 Main manifestations: Blurred vision, weakness of breath, disinclination to talk, lassitude, poor appetite, loose stools, thready and weak pulse, pale tongue with thin white coating.
 Analysis: The essential qi of all the zang-fu organs flows up to the eyes. When qi and blood in a deficiency state can not nourish the eyes, the vision becomes blurred. Qi deficiency of the spleen and stomach causes weakness of breath, disinclination to talk, lassitude, poor appetite and loose stools. Thready and weak pulse, pale tongue with thin and white coating are signs of deficiency of qi and blood.
 •Dysfunction of the liver with stagnation of qi and blood in emotional troubles causes failure of the essential qi to flow upwards to nourish the eyes.
 Main manifestations: Blurred vision, emotional depression, dizziness, vertigo, hypochondriac pain, bitter taste in the mouth, dry throat and string-taut pulse.
 Analysis: The liver has its specific body opening in the eyes. Stagnation of the liver qi causes general obstruction of qi and blood which fail to ascend to nourish the eyes. So the blurred vision.  The Liver meridian passes by the hypochondriac region, so there is hypochondriac pain when the liver qi is stagnated. Retarded qi may turn into fire which flares up to cause dizziness, vertigo, bitter taste in the mouth and dry throat. String-taut pulse is the sign of a liver disease.
 But blurred vision in a diabetic means: Diabetics are at increased risk for several eye problems, including glaucoma and cataracts. But the most common threat to vision is diabetic retinopathy, where the diabetes affects the circulatory system of the eye. It’s the leading cause of blindness. The changes linked to diabetic retinopathy tend to show up in people who have had the disease for a long time, not those recently diagnosed. The person may also see “floaters,” tiny dark specks in the field of vision. Sometimes diabetes causes small hemorrhages (bleeding) that are visible in the eye. There’s no pain. People with poorly controlled blood sugar may have worse symptoms.  Someone with diabetes should have a dilated eye exam annually to catch and control the earliest stages of retinopathy, glaucoma, cataracts or other changes—before they manifest as changes you’re aware of.
 There are other unrelated causes of optic atrophy is poor blood flow, called ischemic optic neuropathy, which most often affects the elderly. The optic nerve can also be damaged by shock, various toxic substances, radiation, and trauma. Various eye diseases, most commonly glaucoma, can also cause optic nerve atrophy. In addition, the condition can be caused by diseases of the brain and central nervous system, such as cranial arteries sometimes called temporal arteries, multiple sclerosis, brain tumor, and stroke.
 One should apply to reinforce the liver and kidney and nourish qi and blood by  tonifying method. Even movement is applied to the same meridian to remove the stagnation of the liver qi.
 Acupuncture ‘SuJok’-An important aspect of SuJok therapy is that it allows to take into account an individual characteristics of the patient manifested in own energy constitution. This brings about an effective action on the very origin of disease. Besides, there are practically no contradictions for use of SuJok therapy. SuJok is a traditionally accomplished through insertion of very fine needles at the certain energy meridians, energy gates, joints of affected organs, or energy flow therapy in miniature form of the hands and feet. Thus, the Acupuncture SuJok is effective even if of optic atrophy. The remission of the disease can be achieved and medicaments’ therapy simultaneously  reduced or eliminated altogether.  The course of treatment is definitely uneventful.
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 A painful spasm means excessive and prolonged contraction of muscle. When cramp occurs in the involuntary muscles of internal organs such as the gut, the pain is called colic. The most common cramps that affect voluntary, consciously controlled muscles are exercise induced cramps, heat cramps and night-time leg cramps. Clonic spasms: are fast-alternating contractions and relaxation of muscles manifested by stereotype movements of the some body parts or another occurring with the various range of motion. Hiccups (spasms of the diaphragm muscles), Stammer(spasms of the speech motor muscles), Nodding spasm of the sternocleidomastoid muscles, paralysis of gaze(the oculomotor muscles spasm).
Exercise induced cramps occur during or after the strenuous or unaccustomed exercise, and are a warning that the muscles are exhausted and their warning that muscles are exhausted and their blood supply is not keeping up with the needs for oxygen and glucose and the removal of waste products. Rest, stretching the muscles and rubbing the affected area will relieve the cramp.
Heat cramps result from the loss of too much salt due to excessive sweating from exercise and or from the hot weather. This is especially so in people unaccustomed to hot, dry climates where sweat is not noticed because of the rapid evaporation. Heat cramps often affect the hands and feet first. That can be prevented and relieved rapidly by drinking fluids or eating foods containing salt. An individuals appetite tells how much body needs.
Night cramps in the legs and feet are a common problem. It is estimated that people over 40 suffer them from time to time and they become more common with age. The calf muscles are affected most and you can often feel the hard, knot like muscle at the pain site. The cause of night cramps is usually not clear. Poor circulation has often been blamed but most people who get cramps have normal blood supply to their legs. A plausible explanation is that sleeping in the same position for a long time slows down circulation to parts of the leg and the reduced oxygen supply makes muscles more sensitive to any stimulus that would make them contract.
Another theory is that minor ageing changes that could cause the cramps which affect the longest nerves and most distant muscles first which accords with the higher frequency of cramps is older people and their foot and calf muscles. Night cramps happen more often in hot weather, so low salt may contribute. Occasionally cramps can be a side effect of certain medications. If you get a cramp the best way to relieve it is by stretching the muscles. For calf muscles, stand on your toes and bring your heels down firmly. Keeping your toes on the floor. Prevention of night cramps is difficult. Exercise to stretch calf muscles help many people. Stretching exercises for calf muscles-stand about 1 metre from a wall. Lean forward, keeping heels on the floor and using your hands and arms to regulate the tilt, untill you feel a moderate but not painful fulling sensation in your calf muscles. Hold for 10 seconds then relax for 5, and continue for 5 stretches. Repeat this.
Tonic spasm:are longer lasting, characterised by sticking of the body parts in forced postures. Spasm develop in infectious and degenerative disease of nervous system, developmental defects and injuries of brain, disease of other organs and systems accompanied by cerebral hypoxia and impaired metabolism (intoxications, poisoning, hyperblirubinemia and others) and also in neuroses. Trismus or lockjaw(masseteric cramp), graphospasm(occupation-related spasm of finger and hand muscles found in certain jobs such as musicians, hairdressers, telegrapher, shoemakers, tailors, dressmakers, milkmaids, typists, blepharospasm (spasm of orbicular muscle of eye in watchmakers) systremma(a kind os spasm often occurring in ballet dancers).
SPASMS:spastic response-may develop in a quite healthy individual during a short time increase of the brains readiness for convulsions due to stressful events, infection, intoxication, overstrain etc.
External causes:are less significant for development of spastic syndrome. It occurs in an active pathological process in nervous system characterised by formation of congestive excitation foci in cerebral cortex and is manifested by recurrent spasmodic attacks.
The traditional theory of ACUPUNCTURE ONNURI energy concept of eight ki or triorigin states that vital energy is the animating force behind life, the cosmic forces of Nature, and is the root of all things. It is said that if one stays in touch with the vital energy, ones life will be healthy in all its phases, be it BODY. MIND. EMOTIONS!
Acupuncture, as itself is a powerful medicine, helped many who were not successfully treated through conventional western medicine. Several conditions can be dramatically improved or remedied in full including, SPASM,CRAMPS!
The course of treatment is undoubtedly totally effectiveness.
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